• Changes in winter warming events in the Nordic Arctic Region 

      Vikhamar-Schuler, Dagrun; Isaksen, Ketil; Haugen, Jan Erik; Tømmervik, Hans; Luks, Bartlomiej; Schuler, Thomas Vikhamar; Bjerke, Jarle W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      In recent years extreme winter warming events have been reported in arctic areas. These events are characterized as extraordinarily warm weather episodes, occasionally combined with intense rainfall, causing ecological ...
    • Changing Arctic snow cover: A review of recent developments and assessment of future needs for observations, modelling, and impacts 

      Bokhorst, Stef; Pedersen, Stine Højlund; Brucker, Ludovic; Anisimov, Oleg; Bjerke, Jarle W.; Brown, Ross D.; Ehrich, Dorothee (Journal article, 2016)
      Snow is a critically important and rapidly changing feature of the Arctic. However, snow-cover and snowpack conditions change through time pose challenges for measuring and prediction of snow. Plausible scenarios of ...
    • Changing contributions of stochastic and deterministic processes in community assembly over a successional gradient 

      Måren, Inger Elisabeth; Kapfer, Jutta; Aarrestad, Per Arild; Grytnes, John-Arvid; Vandvik, Vigdis (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Successional dynamics in plant community assembly may result from both deterministic and stochastic ecological processes. The relative importance of different ecological processes is expected to vary over the successional ...
    • Characterisation and mapping of landscape types, a case study from Norway 

      Erikstad, Lars; Uttakleiv, Lars Andre; Halvorsen, Rune (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The European Landscape Convention emphasises the human perception of landscapes in its definition of the landscape, and promotes citizen participation in landscape management processes. On the other hand, landscape ...
    • Characteristics, drivers and feedbacks of global greening 

      Piao, Shilong; Wang, Xuhui; Park, Taejin; Chen, Chi; Lian, Xu; He, Yue; Bjerke, Jarle W.; Chen, Anping; Ciais, Philippe; Tømmervik, Hans; Nemani, Ramakrishna R.; Myneni, Ranga B. (Peer reviewed, 2019)
    • Characteristics of temporal changes in communities where dynamics differ between species 

      Solbu, Erik Blystad; Engen, Steinar; Diserud, Ola Håvard (Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Communities with different phenotypic variation among species can have identical species abundance distributions, although their temporal dynamics may be very different. By using stochastic species abundance models, both ...
    • Chewing lice Trichodectes pinguis pinguis in Scandinavian brown bears (Ursus arctos) 

      Esteruelas, Nuria Fandos; Malmsten, Jonas; Bröjer, Caroline; Grandi, Giulio; Lindström, Anders; Brown, Paul; Swenson, Jon; Evans, Alina; Arnemo, Jon Martin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      In April 2014 and 2015, we noted localized alopecia (neck, forelimbs, and chest) and hyperpigmentation on two adult brown bears (Ursus arctos) captured in central-south Sweden for ecological studies under the Scandinavian ...
    • Children and nearby nature: A nationwide parental survey from Norway 

      Gundersen, Vegard; Skår, Margrete; O'Brien, Liz; Wold, Line Camilla; Follo, Gro Irene (Peer reviewed, 2016)
      tThe aim of this paper is to describe the availability of and use of nearby outdoor spaces along a naturecontinuum by Norwegian children. We carried out a nationwide survey of 3 160 parents with childrenaged 6–12 years, ...
    • China and India lead in greening of the world through land-use management 

      Chen, Chi; Park, Taejin; Wang, Xuhui; Piao, Shilong; Xu, Baodong; Chaturvedi, Rajiv K.; Fuchs, Richard; Brovkin, Victor; Ciais, Philippe; Fensholt, Rasmus; Tømmervik, Hans; Bala, Govindasamy; Zhu, Zaichun; Nemani, Ramakrishna R.; Myneni, Ranga B. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Satellite data show increasing leaf area of vegetation due to direct factors (human land-use management) and indirect factors (such as climate change, CO2 fertilization, nitrogen deposition and recovery from natural ...
    • Circadian rhythmicity persists through the Polar night and midnight sun in Svalbard reindeer 

      Arnold, Walter; Ruf, Thomas; Loe, Leif Egil; Irvine, R. Justin; Ropstad, Erik; Veiberg, Vebjørn; Albon, Steve D. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Studies of locomotor activity in Svalbard reindeer reported the temporary absence of diel rhythms under Arctic photic conditions. However, using Lomb-Scargle periodogram analyses with high statistical power we found diel ...
    • Circumpolar dynamics of a marine top-predator track ocean warming rates. 

      Descamps, Sebastian; Anker-Nilssen, Tycho; Barrett, Robert T; Irons, D; Merkel, Flemming; Robertson, Gregory J.; Yoccoz, Nigel Gilles; Mallory, Mark L; Montevecchi, William A.; Boertmann, D.; Artukhin, Yuri; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Signe; Erikstad, Kjell E; Gilchrist, H. Grant; Labansen, Aili; Lorentsen, Svein Håkon; Mosbech, Anders; Olsen, Bergur; Petersen, Aevar; Rail, Jean-Francois; Renner, Heather M.; Strøm, H.; Systad, Geir Helge; Wilhelm, Sabina I.; Zelenskaya, Larisa (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Global warming is a nonlinear process, and temperature may increase in a stepwise manner. Periods of abrupt warming can trigger persistent changes in the state of ecosystems, also called regime shifts. The responses of ...
    • Climate and density-dependence cause changes in adult sex ratio in a large Arctic herbivore 

      Peeters, Bart; Veiberg, Vebjørn; Pedersen, Åshild Ønvik; Stien, Audun; Irvine, Robert Justin; Aanes, Ronny; Sæther, Bernt-Erik; Strand, Olav; Hansen, Brage Bremset (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Peeters, B., V. Veiberg, A. Ø. Pedersen, A. Stien, R. J. Irvine, R. Aanes, B.-E. Sæther, O. Strand, and B. B. Hansen. 2017. Climate and density dependence cause changes in adult sex ratio in a large Arctic herbivore. ...
    • Climate and ecosystem services. The potential of Norwegian ecosystems for climate mitigation and adaptation 

      Rusch, Graciela (NINA Rapport;791, Research report, 2012)
      The concept of ecosystem services encompasses the many benefits that society receives from nature and that are often taken for granted. The conceptual framework highlights the connection between ecosystems and its ...
    • Climate and land‑cover change alter bumblebee species richness and community composition in subalpine areas 

      Fourcade, Yoan; Åström, Sandra Charlotte Helene; Öckinger, Erik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Climate and land-use change are recognised as the two main drivers of the ongoing reorganisation of Earth’s biodiversity, but understanding precisely their role in shaping species’ distributions and communities remains ...
    • Climate change and the increasing impact of polar bears on bird populations 

      Prop, Jouke; Aars, Jon; Bårdsen, Bård-Jørgen; Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Bech, Claus; Bourgeon, Sophie; Fouw, Jimmy de; Gabrielsen, Geir W.; Lang, Johannes; Noreen, Elin; Oudman, Thomas; Sittler, Benoit; Tombre, Ingunn; Wolters, Eva; Moe, Børge; Stempniewicz, Lech (Peer reviewed, 2015)
      The Arctic is becoming warmer at a high rate, and contractions in the extent of sea ice are currently changing the habitats of marine top-predators dependent on ice. Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) depend on sea ice for ...
    • Climate change induced molting mismatch? Mountain hare abundance reduced by duration of snowcover and predator abundance 

      Pedersen, Simen; Odden, Morten; Pedersen, Hans-Christian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      In northern latitudes, species that have adapted to snow cover by molting and changing pelage color will be particularly vulnerable to climate change, as predation levels may increase due to a mismatch with background ...
    • Climatic and biotic extreme events moderate long-term responses of above- and belowground sub-Arctic heathland communities to climate change 

      Bokhorst, Stef; Phoenix, Gareth K.; Berg, Matty P.; Callaghan, Terry V.; Kirby-Lambert, Christopher; Bjerke, Jarle W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Climate change impacts are not uniform across the Arctic region because interacting factors causes large variations in local ecosystem change. Extreme climatic events and population cycles of herbivores occur simultaneously ...
    • Co-adaptation is key to coexisting with large carnivores 

      Carter, Neil H.; Linnell, John Durrus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      There is a pressing need to integrate large carnivore species into multi-use landscapes outside protected areas. However, an unclear understanding of coexistence hinders the realization of this goal. Here, we provide a ...
    • Coastal migration patterns of the four largest Barents Sea Atlantic salmon stocks inferred using genetic stock identification methods 

      Svenning, Martin-A.; Falkegård, Morten; Niemäle, Eero; Vähä, Juha-Pekka; Wennevik, Vidar; Ozerov, Mikhail; Prusov, Sergey; Dempson, J.Brian; Power, Michael; Fauchald, Per (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Combining detailed temporal and spatial catch data, including catch per unit effort, with a high-resolution microsatellite genetic baseline facilitated the development of stock-specific coastal migration models for the ...
    • Collection of Scientific Specimens:Benefits for Biodiversity Sciences and Limited Impacts on Communities of Small Mammals 

      Hope, Andrew G.; Sandercock, Brett; Malaney, Jason L. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Despite increasing use of specimens from natural-history collections, continued field sampling has met with growing resistance attributable to changing societal values. Widespread perception persists that the removal of ...